Nextcloud is an open-source file hosting software with comprehensive support options. It allows users to create their own cloud storage to store and share files online. It is an alternate solution to Dropbox and Google Drive and offers a modern, on-premises content collaboration platform with real-time document editing, video chat & groupware on mobile, desktop, and web. There are clients for Linux, macOS, and Microsoft Windows to synchronize files from Nextcloud Server.
In this post, we will show you how to install Nextcloud on Arch Linux.
In This Article
Step 1 – Configure Repository
By default, the default repository is outdated in Arch Linux, so you will need to modify the default mirror list. You can do it by editing the mirrorlist configuration file:
Remove all lines and add the following lines:
## Score: 0.7, United States Server = http://mirror.us.leaseweb.net/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 0.8, United States Server = http://lug.mtu.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch Server = http://mirror.nl.leaseweb.net/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 0.9, United Kingdom Server = http://mirror.bytemark.co.uk/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 1.5, United Kingdom Server = http://mirrors.manchester.m247.com/arch-linux/$repo/os/$arch Server = http://archlinux.dcc.fc.up.pt/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.6, United States Server = http://mirror.cs.pitt.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.7, United States Server = http://mirrors.acm.wpi.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.8, United States Server = http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 7.1, India Server = http://mirror.cse.iitk.ac.in/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 10.1, United States Server = http://mirrors.xmission.com/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
Save and close the file then update all the package indexes with the following command:
Step 2 – Install Apache and PHP
First, install the Apache web server with the following command:
pacman -Sy apache
After the successful installation, start and enable the Apache service with the following command:
systemctl start httpd systemctl enable httpd
Next, install the PHP and other required extensions using the following command:
pacman -Sy php php-gd php-cgi php-intl php-apache php-sqlite unzip
Next, edit the PHP configuration file and enable the required extensions:
Add the following lines:
extension=pdo_mysql extension=gd extension=pdo_sqlite extension=mysqli extension=intl
Save and close the file when you are finished.
Step 3 – Install and Configure MariaDB Database
First, install the MariaDB server with the following command:
pacman -S libmariadbclient mariadb mariadb-clients
Next, initialize the MariaDB database with the following command:
mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql
Next, start and enable the MariaDB service with the following command:
systemctl start mysqld systemctl enable mysqld
Next, connect to the MariaDB console using the following command:
Once you are connected, create a database and user for drupal:
CREATE DATABASE nextcloud; GRANT ALL ON nextcloud.* TO nextcloud@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Next, flush the privileges and exit from the MariaDB shell with the following command:
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
Step 4 – Install NextCloud
At the time of writing this tutorial, the latest version of NextCloud is 23. You can download it using the following command:
Once the Download is completed, extract it to the Apache web root directory with the following command:
unzip latest.zip -d /srv/http/
Next, create a data directory for NextCloud with the following command:
mkdir -p /srv/http/nextcloud/data
Next, change the ownership of the NextCloud directory to http:
chown -R http:http /srv/http/nextcloud/ chmod -R 775 /srv/http/nextcloud/
Step 5 – Create an Apache Virtual Host Configuration File
Next, you will need to create an Apache virtual host configuration file to host NextCloud on the web.
Add the following code:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerName nextcloud.example.com DocumentRoot /srv/http/nextcloud ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/nextcloud_error.log CustomLog /var/log/httpd/nextcloud_requests.log combined </VirtualHost>
Save and close the file, then edit the Apache main configuration file.
Uncomment the following line:
Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so
Comment out the following line:
#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
Add the following lines:
LoadModule php_module modules/libphp.so AddHandler php-script .php Include conf/extra/php_module.conf Include conf/extra/nextcloud.conf
Save and close the file.
Next, restart the Apache service to apply the changes:
systemctl restart httpd
Step 6 – Access Nextcloud
Now, open your web browser and access Nextcloud using the URL http://nextcloud.example.com. You should see the Nextcloud admin user creation screen:
Define your admin username and password and click on the Install button. You should see the following screen:
Click on the Install recommended apps. Once all the recommended apps are installed, you should see the Nextcloud dashboard on the following screen:
In this guide, we explained how to install Nextcloud with Apache on Arch Linux. You can now upload your files, docs, and music on the Nextcloud server and start sharing them with your friend and family. You can try Nextcloud on one of our dedicated server hosting from Atlantic.Net!