Typo3 is a free and open-source content management system written in PHP language. It is a simple, flexible, and professional CMS that offers services and solutions for teams across industries. It is a great alternative to popular CMS platforms like WordPress, Joomla, and Drupal. Additionally, it can be installed on all major operating systems and runs on Apache, Nginx, and IIS web servers.
In this post, we will show you how to install Typo3 CMS on Arch Linux.
- A fresh Arch Linux server on the Atlantic.Net Cloud Platform
- A root password configured on your server
Step 1 – Create Atlantic.Net Cloud Server
First, log in to your Atlantic.Net Cloud Server. Create a new server, choosing Arch Linux as the operating system with at least 2GB RAM. Connect to your Cloud Server via SSH and log in using the credentials highlighted at the top of the page.
Step 2 – Configure Repository
By default, the default repository is outdated in Arch Linux, so you will need to modify the default mirror list. You can do it by editing the mirror list configuration file:
Remove all lines and add the following lines:
## Score: 0.7, United States Server = http://mirror.us.leaseweb.net/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 0.8, United States Server = http://lug.mtu.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch Server = http://mirror.nl.leaseweb.net/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 0.9, United Kingdom Server = http://mirror.bytemark.co.uk/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 1.5, United Kingdom Server = http://mirrors.manchester.m247.com/arch-linux/$repo/os/$arch Server = http://archlinux.dcc.fc.up.pt/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.6, United States Server = http://mirror.cs.pitt.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.7, United States Server = http://mirrors.acm.wpi.edu/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 6.8, United States Server = http://ftp.osuosl.org/pub/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 7.1, India Server = http://mirror.cse.iitk.ac.in/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch ## Score: 10.1, United States Server = http://mirrors.xmission.com/archlinux/$repo/os/$arch
Save and close the file, then update all the package indexes with the following command:
Step 3 – Install Apache and PHP
Typo3 CMS is written in PHP and runs on a web server, so you will need to install the Apache web server and PHP on your server.
First, install the Apache web server package with the following command:
pacman -Sy apache
After the successful installation, start and enable the Apache service with the following command:
systemctl start httpd systemctl enable httpd
Next, install PHP and other required extensions using the following command:
pacman -Sy php php-gd php-cgi php-intl php-apache unzip
Next, edit the PHP configuration file and enable the required extensions:
Add / Modify the following lines.
extension=pdo_mysql extension=gd extension=json extension=mysqli extension=intl extension=xml extension=bcmath max_execution_time = 300 max_input_vars = 1500 memory_limit = 128M
Save and close the file when you are finished.
Step 4 – Install and Configure MariaDB Database
First, install the MariaDB server with the following command:
pacman -S libmariadbclient mariadb mariadb-clients
Next, initialize the MariaDB database with the following command:
mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql
Next, start and enable the MariaDB service with the following command:
systemctl start mysqld systemctl enable mysqld
Next, log in to the MariaDB console using the following command:
Once you are logged in, create a database and user for Typo3 CMS:
CREATE DATABASE typo3; GRANT ALL ON typo3.* TO [email protected] IDENTIFIED BY 'password';
Next, flush the privileges and exit from the MariaDB shell with the following command:
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT;
Step 5 – Download Typo3 CMS
First, download the latest version of Typo3 CMS with the following command.
wget --content-disposition https://get.typo3.org/11.5.12
Once the download is completed, extract the downloaded file with the following command.
tar -xvzf typo3_src-11.5.12.tar.gz
Next, move the extracted directory to the Apache web root:
mv typo3_src-11.5.12 /srv/http/typo3
Next, change the ownership of the Typo3 directory to Apache:
chown -R http:http /srv/http/typo3/ chmod -R 775 /srv/http/typo3/
Step 6 – Create an Apache Virtual Host Configuration File
Next, you will need to create an Apache virtual host configuration file to host Typo3 CMS on the internet.
Add the following lines:
<VirtualHost *:80> ServerAdmin [email protected] DocumentRoot "/srv/http/typo3" ServerName typo3.example.com DirectoryIndex index.php <Directory "/srv/http/typo3"> Options FollowSymlinks AllowOverride All Require all granted </Directory> ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/error.log CustomLog /var/log/httpd/access.log combined </VirtualHost>
Save and close the file when you are finished. Next, edit the Apache main configuration file.
Uncomment the following line:
Include conf/extra/httpd-vhosts.conf LoadModule mpm_prefork_module modules/mod_mpm_prefork.so LoadModule rewrite_module modules/mod_rewrite.so
Comment on the following line:
#LoadModule mpm_event_module modules/mod_mpm_event.so
Add the following lines:
LoadModule php_module modules/libphp.so AddHandler php-script .php Include conf/extra/php_module.conf Include conf/extra/typo3.conf
Save and close the file when you are done.
Next, restart the Apache service to apply the changes:
systemctl restart httpd
Step 7 – Access Typo3 CMS
Now, open your web browser and access the Typo3 CMS using the URL http://typo3.example.com. You should see the following screen.
Next, open your terminal and create an empty file using the following command.
Next, go back to the web browser and refresh the page. You should see the following page.
Click on No problems detected, continue with installation. You should see the following page.
Provide your database username and password and click on the Continue button. You should see the following page.
Select your database and click on the Continue button. You should see the following page.
Provide your admin username, password, email, and site name, and click on the Continue button. Once the installation has been completed, you should see the following page.
Select Take me straight to the backend and click on Open the TYPO3 Backend. You should see the Typo3 login page.
Provide your admin username and password and click on the Login button. You should see the Typo3 dashboard on the following page.
Congratulations! You have successfully installed Typo3 CMS with Apache on Arch Linux. You can now build awesome websites using the Typo3 CMS. You can also try Typo3 CMS on one of our dedicated server hosting from Atlantic.Net!