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How to Install and Use PIP Package Manager on Fedora

PIP is a Python package manager allowing you to install and manage packages not part of the Python standard library. All Python packages are hosted on an online repository called Python Package Index. PIP connects this repository, then downloads and installs Python packages to your system. PIP provides a simple and easiest way to install locally user-defined projects using a setup.py file. PIP is a command line utility that helps you to install, reinstall, or uninstall packages with a single command.

This post will show you how to install and manage Python packages using PIP on Fedora.

Install PIP on Fedora

By default, the PIP package is not installed on Fedora, so you will need to install it first. You can install it using the following command.

dnf install python3-pip

Once the PIP package is installed, you can verify the PIP version with the following command.

pip3 --version

Output.

pip 21.0.1 from /usr/lib/python3.9/site-packages/pip (python 3.9)

It is also recommended to upgrade PIP to the latest version. You can upgrade it with the following command.

pip3 install --upgrade pip

Output.

Requirement already satisfied: pip in /usr/lib/python3.9/site-packages (21.0.1)
Collecting pip
  Downloading pip-23.1.2-py3-none-any.whl (2.1 MB)
     |████████████████████████████████| 2.1 MB 12.6 MB/s 
Installing collected packages: pip
Successfully installed pip-23.1.2

Now, verify the PIP version again with the following command.

pip3 --version

Output:

pip 23.1.2 from /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/pip (python 3.9)

To see all available options of the PIP command, run the following command.

pip3 --help

Output.

Usage:   
  pip3  [options]

Commands:
  install                     Install packages.
  download                    Download packages.
  uninstall                   Uninstall packages.
  freeze                      Output installed packages in requirements format.
  inspect                     Inspect the python environment.
  list                        List installed packages.
  show                        Show information about installed packages.
  check                       Verify installed packages have compatible dependencies.
  config                      Manage local and global configuration.
  search                      Search PyPI for packages.
  cache                       Inspect and manage pip's wheel cache.
  index                       Inspect information available from package indexes.
  wheel                       Build wheels from your requirements.
  hash                        Compute hashes of package archives.
  completion                  A helper command used for command completion.
  debug                       Show information useful for debugging.
  help                        Show help for commands.

Manage Packages with PIP

PIP provides a simple and easiest way to install and manage Python packages via the command line.

For example, to install the scrapy package, run the following command.

pip3 install scrapy

To verify the package information, run the following command.

pip3 show scrapy

Output:

Name: Scrapy
Version: 2.8.0
Summary: A high-level Web Crawling and Web Scraping framework
Home-page: https://scrapy.org
Author: Scrapy developers
Author-email: [email protected]
License: BSD
Location: /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages
Requires: cryptography, cssselect, itemadapter, itemloaders, lxml, packaging, parsel, protego, PyDispatcher, pyOpenSSL, queuelib, service-identity, setuptools, tldextract, Twisted, w3lib, zope.interface
Required-by: 

To get a list of all available packages, run the following command.

pip3 list

Output.

Package            Version
------------------ ---------
argcomplete        1.12.0
attrs              23.1.0
Automat            22.10.0
certifi            2022.12.7
cffi               1.15.1
charset-normalizer 3.1.0
constantly         15.1.0
cryptography       40.0.2
cssselect          1.2.0
dbus-python        1.2.16
decorator          4.4.2
distro             1.5.0
filelock           3.12.0
gpg                1.15.1
hyperlink          21.0.0
idna               3.4
incremental        22.10.0
itemadapter        0.8.0
itemloaders        1.1.0
jmespath           1.0.1
libcomps           0.1.15
lxml               4.9.2
nftables           0.1
ntpsec             1.2.0
packaging          23.1
parsel             1.8.1
pexpect            4.8.0

To list all outdated packages, run the following command.

pip3 list --outdated

Output:

Package         Version Latest       Type
--------------- ------- ------------ -----
argcomplete     1.12.0  3.0.8        wheel
dbus-python     1.2.16  1.3.2        sdist
decorator       4.4.2   5.1.1        wheel
distro          1.5.0   1.8.0        wheel
libcomps        0.1.15  0.1.15.post1 wheel
ptyprocess      0.6.0   0.7.0        wheel
PyGObject       3.40.1  3.44.1       sdist
python-augeas   0.5.0   1.1.0        sdist
python-dateutil 2.8.1   2.8.2        wheel
setuptools      53.0.0  67.7.2       wheel
six             1.15.0  1.16.0       wheel
slip            0.6.4   20191113     sdist
systemd-python  234     235          sdist

To install any package, run the following command.

pip3 uninstall scrapy

Output:

Found existing installation: Scrapy 2.8.0
Uninstalling Scrapy-2.8.0:
  Would remove:
    /usr/local/bin/scrapy
    /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/Scrapy-2.8.0.dist-info/*
    /usr/local/lib/python3.9/site-packages/scrapy/*
Proceed (Y/n)? Y
  Successfully uninstalled Scrapy-2.8.0

Conclusion

This post explained how to install and manage Python packages with PIP. You can now use PIP in your development environment to install any Python dependency. You can now try PIP on VPS hosting from Atlantic.Net!

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