Backdrop CMS is an open-source content management system written in PHP language. It is a fork of Drupal and suitable for small to medium-sized businesses and non-profits. Backdrop CMS allows you to build customized websites through collaboration and open-source software. It provides a beautiful and user-friendly web UI that helps non-technical users create and manage various content. Backdrop CMS offers powerful features, including advanced access control, a robust API, integrated add-on installation, and more.

This post will show you how to install Backdrop CMS on CentOS 8 VPS.[jumpbox]

Step 1 – Install LAMP Server

First, you will need to install the LAMP stack on your server. You can install it with other required packages by running the following command:

dnf update -y
dnf install httpd mariadb-server php php-cli php-gd php-mysqlnd php-json php-curl php-pdo php-mbstring php-dom php-xml unzip -y

Once all the packages are installed, start the Apache and MariaDB services and enable them to start at system reboot:

systemctl start httpd
systemctl enable httpd
systemctl start mariadb
systemctl enable mariadb

Step 3 – Configure MariaDB Database

Next, you must create a database and user for Backdrop CMS to store its content.

First, log in to MySQL with the following command:


Once login, create a database and user with the following command:

create database backdrop;
create user 'backdrop'@localhost identified by 'password';

Next, grant all permissions to the backdrop database:

grant all privileges on backdrop.* to 'backdrop' @localhost;

Next, flush the privileges to apply the changes and exit from the MySQL with the following command:

flush privileges;

At this point, the MariaDB database is ready for Backdrop CMS.

Step 4 – Download Backdrop CMS

First, visit the Backdrop CMS Git Hub page and download the latest version of Backdrop CMS with the following command:


Once the download is completed, unzip the downloaded file with the following command:


Next, move the extracted directory to the Apache root directory:

mv backdrop-1.16.2 /var/www/html/backdrop

Next, set proper permissions and ownership to the backdrop directory:

chown -R apache:apache /var/www/html/backdrop
chmod -R 755 /var/www/html/backdrop

Step 5 – Configure Apache for Backdrop CMS

Next, you must configure the Apache virtual host file to host Backdrop CMS. You can create it with the following command:

nano /etc/httpd/conf.d/backdrop.conf

Add the following lines:

<virtualhost *:80>
	ServerAdmin [email protected]
        DocumentRoot /var/www/html/backdrop
<directory /var/www/html/backdrop>
allowoverride all
allow from all
TransferLog /var/log/httpd/backdrop_access.log
ErrorLog /var/log/httpd/backdrop_error.log

Save and close the file, then restart the Apache service to apply the changes:

systemctl restart httpd

Currently, the Apache web server is configured to serve backdrop CMS.

Step 6 – Access Backdrop CMS

Now, open your web browser and access the Backdrop CMS web UI using the URL You will be redirected to the following page:

BackDrop CMS Language Selection Page

Select your language and click on the SAVE AND CONTINUE button. You should see the following page:
BackDrop CMS Database Page
Provide your database details and click on the SAVE AND CONTINUE button. You should see the following page:
BackDrop CMS Site Info Page1
BackDrop CMS Site Info Page2

Provide your site information and click on the SAVE AND CONTINUE button. You will be redirected to the Backdrop CMS dashboard:
BackDrop CMS Dashboard


That’s it for now. You can now explore the Backdrop CMS and start creating your website through the Backdrop CMS dashboard on your VPS. For more information, visit the Backdrop CMS documentation page.