The free and open-source programming language Python is one of the most popular high-level languages and object-oriented applications. Generally, it is used in automation, scripting, data analysis, machine learning, back-end development, handling big data, and performing complex mathematics. Due to its versatile features, it is a popular choice for both beginners and experienced developers. At the time of writing this article, Python 3.10 is the latest version of Python.
In this post, we will show you how to install Python 3.10 on Rocky Linux 8.
- A server running Rocky Linux 8 on the Atlantic.Net Cloud Platform
- A root password configured on your server
Step 1 – Create Atlantic.Net Cloud Server
First, log in to your Atlantic.Net Cloud Server. Create a new server, choosing Rocky Linux 8 as the operating system with at least 2GB RAM. Connect to your Cloud Server via SSH and log in using the credentials highlighted at the top of the page.
Once you are logged in to your server, run the following command to update your base system with the latest available packages.
dnf update -y
Step 2 – Install Required Dependencies
First, you will need to install some dependencies required to compile Python 3.10. You can install all of them by running the following command:
dnf install curl gcc openssl-devel bzip2-devel libffi-devel zlib-devel wget make -y
Once all the dependencies are installed, you can proceed to the next step.
Step 3 – Install Python 3.10 on Rocky Linux 8
First, go to the Python official download page and download the latest version of Python using the following command:
Once the download is completed, extract the downloaded file using the following command:
tar -xf Python-3.10.0.tar.xz
Next, change the directory to the extracted directory and configure Python using the following command:
Next, start the build process using the following command:
make -j 2
Finally, install Python 3.10 by running the following command:
After the successful installation, verify the Python installation using the following command:
You will get the following output:
Step 4 – Create a Virtual Environment in Python
Python provides a venv module that allows you to create a virtual environment and deploy your application in an isolated environment.
To create a virtual environment named app_env, run the following command:
python3.10 -m venv app_env
Next, activate the virtual environment using the following command:
You will get the following shell:
(app_env) [[email protected] ~]#
Now, you can use the PIP package manager to install any package and dependencies inside your virtual environment.
For example, run the following command to install apache-airflow:
pip3.10 install apache-airflow
If you want to remove this package, run the command below:
pip3.10 uninstall apache-airflow
To exit from the Python virtual environment, run the following command:
In the above guide, we explained how to install Python 3.10 on Rocky Linux 8. You can now start developing your first application using the Python programming language. Try it today on VPS hosting from Atlantic.Net!